Between and , three dozen new states in Asia and Africa achieved autonomy or outright independence from their European colonial rulers. There was no one process of decolonization. In some areas, it was peaceful, and orderly. In many others, independence was achieved only after a protracted revolution. A few newly independent countries acquired stable governments almost immediately; others were ruled by dictators or military juntas for decades, or endured long civil wars.
List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa
Year of return for African Diaspora | Africa Renewal
Africa Population 2019
There are nineteen Commonwealth member states in Africa, seven of which are landlocked, the only such countries in the association. Ghana joined on independence in , followed in the s by 13 other newly independent countries across Africa. Namibia joined on independence in and, following the democratic elections of , South Africa was welcomed back into the association.
Europe's arbitrary post-colonial borders left Africans bunched into countries that don't represent their heritage, a contradiction that still troubles them today. When the nations of Nigeria and Cameroon went to settle a border dispute in , in which both countries claimed an oil-rich peninsula about the size of El Paso, they didn't cite ancient cultural claims to the land, nor the preferences of its inhabitants, nor even their own national interests. Rather, in taking their case to the International Court of Justice, they cited a pile of century-old European paperwork. We want to hear what you think about this article. Submit a letter to the editor or write to letters theatlantic.